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Professor Norman Brown, PhD, University of Alberta, Canada
Memories created by war, terrorism, and natural disaster can play a critical role in the construction of group identity and the persistence of group conflict. Over the past several years, my colleagues and I have been examining the mnemonic impact of such events in order to understand when (and why) autobiographical memory and knowledge of contemporary public events become intertwined. This research provides evidence for a direct link between the historical and the personal by demonstrating the existence of historically-defined autobiographical periods. It also indicates that it is personal significance, not historical importance which determines whether public events organize autobiographical memory. More specifically, we have found that H-DAPs form only when public events bring about wide-spread, profound, and enduring changes to the fabric of daily life. Evidence for these claims comes from some 25 samples collected in 12 countries, including Russia, Azerbaijan, and Uzbekistan. In this talk, I summarize this evidence and discuss practical and theoretical implications of this research program.